KVÍZ Dokázal by si zmaturovať z angličtiny? Otestuj sa z písomnej maturity z roku 2018 (B2)

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#Ako si na tom z anglického jazyka? Zvládol by si tento maturitný test z roku 2018 na úrovni B2? Otestuj sa!
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No matter what time of year you visit Santa Monica you can expect consistently mild weather and a relaxed, outdoor-focused lifestyle. But the question [21] about what to pack for vacation. To ensure that you’re packing the right clothes, [22] , and other essentials in your travel bag, it helps to have an idea of what Santa Monica locals wear. Because Santa Monica is located right on the beach, everyday style tends to be more casual and laid-back than it is in other Los Angeles neighbourhoods. During warmer days, you’ll see plenty of people wearing tee shirts or tank tops, shorts, and stylish sportswear as they stroll along the Third Street Promenade or [23] the shops on Montana Avenue. As the temperature cools in the evenings, locals often [24] to jeans; many women complete their look with a light sweater or a wrap. Depending upon the season in which you’re visiting, you may want to bring a jacket; winter nights can [25] below 50 degrees F (10 degrees C). It’s a good idea to [26] your clothing so you can remove extra pieces if temperatures are a bit warmer than you expect, but sweaters and hoodies are widely [27] at one of Santa Monica’s many unique boutiques. When considering what to pack on vacation to Santa Monica, don’t forget your swimsuit! [28]  , you are going to the beach. The ocean may be too cold for swimming in [29] trunks during winter months, but you’ll see plenty of people wearing a wetsuit for added warmth (you can [30] these from surf shops along the waterfront). From late spring to early fall, however, you definitely can swim in a bikini or swim shorts. If you have a wildly printed bathing suit that’s too loud for the community pool at home, this is your time to wear it and [31] some personality. Women also might want to carry a lightweight cover-up to use when they want to visit the snack stand or [32] over to the Pier. Planning a big night out during your Santa Monica vacation? Most Santa Monica restaurants, bars, and clubs have a casual dress [33] . However, you still should pack at least one dressy outfit – a pair of non-denim pants and a collared shirt for the guys. No restaurants in Santa Monica [34] a jacket and tie. Opt for a dress that can transition easily from day to nighttime; a maxi (long) dress works well with sandals while browsing the Farmers’ Market, but it also looks chic when paired with bold jewellery and wedge heels after the sun goes down. Pack a smaller purse or day bag to carry your [35] . With so much walking to do, a large leather purse will only weigh you down. It’s best to go with something lighter, preferably with a shoulder or cross-body strap to keep your hands free. This get-up also makes it easier to snap pictures! Comfortable shoes are [36] when packing for Santa Monica. Because the city encompasses just 8.3 square miles, you can get almost everywhere you want to go on foot (which makes it [37] to bring nothing more than flip-flops). Pack a pair or two of sandals, but make sure you also have something that can stand up to long hours browsing the galleries, shopping Santa Monica Place, or taking [38] the sights and sounds at the Santa Monica Pier. Health and fitness are a key part of Santa Monica’s culture, but far from [39] a closed shop for the young, people of all ages, shapes and sizes can [40] making the most of the lifestyle.

But the question _______ about what to pack for vacation.
remains
continues
stays
asks

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To ensure that you’re packing the right clothes, _______  , and other essentials in your travel bag, it helps to have an idea of what Santa Monica locals wear.
appliances
accessories
supplements
decorations

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During warmer days, you’ll see plenty of people wearing tee shirts or tank tops, shorts, and stylish sportswear as they stroll along the Third Street Promenade or _______ the shops on Montana Avenue.
examine
hunt
decorate
explore

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As the temperature cools in the evenings, locals often _______  to jeans; many women complete their look with a light sweater or a wrap.
displace
switch
exchange
replace

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Nesprávne!

Depending upon the season in which you’re visiting, you may want to bring a jacket; winter nights can _______  below 50 degrees F (10 degrees C).
drop
appear
emerge
dive

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Nesprávne!

It’s a good idea to _______  your clothing so you can remove extra pieces if temperatures are a bit warmer than you expect, but sweaters and hoodies are widely [27] at one of Santa Monica’s many unique boutiques.
cover
layer
fold
surface

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Nesprávne!

It’s a good idea to [26] your clothing so you can remove extra pieces if temperatures are a bit warmer than you expect, but sweaters and hoodies are widely _______  at one of Santa Monica’s many unique boutiques.
suitable
accessible
available
possible

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Nesprávne!

When considering what to pack on vacation to Santa Monica, don’t forget your swimsuit! _______   , you are going to the beach.
In addition
In fact
After all
At first

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The ocean may be too cold for swimming in _______  trunks during winter months, but you’ll see plenty of people wearing a wetsuit for added warmth (you can [30] these from surf shops along the waterfront).
common
average
typical
regular

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The ocean may be too cold for swimming in [29] trunks during winter months, but you’ll see plenty of people wearing a wetsuit for added warmth (you can _______  these from surf shops along the waterfront).
rent
borrow
lend
charge

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If you have a wildly printed bathing suit that’s too loud for the community pool at home, this is your time to wear it and _______  some personality.
speak up
show off
succeed in
prevail over

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Nesprávne!

Women also might want to carry a lightweight cover-up to use when they want to visit the snack stand or _______  over to the Pier. Planning a big night out during your Santa Monica vacation?
wander
march
rush
run

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Most Santa Monica restaurants, bars, and clubs have a casual dress _______ .
programme
habits
code
symbol

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Nesprávne!

No restaurants in Santa Monica _______ a jacket and tie.
need
promote
oblige
require

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Nesprávne!

Opt for a dress that can transition easily from day to nighttime; a maxi (long) dress works well with sandals while browsing the Farmers’ Market, but it also looks chic when paired with bold jewellery and wedge heels after the sun goes down. Pack a smaller purse or day bag to carry your _______ .
belongings
earnings
wages
properties

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Nesprávne!

Comfortable shoes are _______ when packing for Santa Monica.
basic
primary
essential
main

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Nesprávne!

Because the city encompasses just 8.3 square miles, you can get almost everywhere you want to go on foot (which makes it _______ to bring nothing more than flip-flops).
challenging
demanding
tempting
stimulating

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Nesprávne!

Pack a pair or two of sandals, but make sure you also have something that can stand up to long hours browsing the galleries, shopping Santa Monica Place, or taking _______ the sights and sounds at the Santa Monica Pier.
up
on
in
out

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Nesprávne!

Health and fitness are a key part of Santa Monica’s culture, but far from _______ a closed shop for the young, people of all ages, shapes and sizes can [40] making the most of the lifestyle.
being
to be
been
be

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Health and fitness are a key part of Santa Monica’s culture, but far from [39] a closed shop for the young, people of all ages, shapes and sizes can _______ making the most of the lifestyle.
be seeing
be seen
have been seen
have seen

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As Prince Harry quits the Army, his thoughts turn to his future. Joining the Army was a dream for Prince Harry ever since he was little. But in 2015, he announced his [41] to quit the army after 10 years of service, including two tours in Afghanistan. Harry spent 2015 summer as a [42] at a conservation project in Africa before returning to London to help ex-servicemen and women. This ties in [43] with his passion to set up the next Invictus Games. He also decided to embark on a charity trek for Walking With The [44] in the autumn. Harry considered the idea of moving on from the Army after a decade of tough service. He says,“ [45] most good things come to an end and I am at a point when a [46] must be made, this time in my military career”. Harry had the support of most of his friends as he was considered an [47] soldier, loved by his men and he’s got so much he learnt in the military to give back. But behind the scenes, officials were said to be concerned that without the structure and focus of the Army, Harry would lose his way. One [48] wrote, “The last thing Harry needs is another gap year… the time has come for him to confront his destiny. At his age, the time for [49] self-indulgence has gone. It’s time for a proper career and some serious work to justify the privileged [50] he has enjoyed and the luxurious life he leads.”
As Prince Harry quits the Army, his thoughts turn to his future. Joining the Army was a dream for Prince Harry ever since he was little. But in 2015, he announced his _______  to quit the army after 10 years of service, including two tours in Afghanistan
decision
decide
decisive
desicion

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Harry spent 2015 summer as a _______ at a conservation project in Africa before returning to London to help ex-servicemen and women.
volunteer
voluntary
voluntarily
volunt

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Nesprávne!

This ties in _______ with his passion to set up the next Invictus Games.
neatly
neat
naet

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Nesprávne!

He also decided to embark on a charity trek for Walking With The  _______ in the autumn.
wound
wounded
wounds

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Nesprávne!

Harry considered the idea of moving on from the Army after a decade of tough service. He says,“ _______ most good things come to an end and I am at a point when a [46] must be made, this time in my military career”.
undoubtedly
doubt
doubtless
doubting

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Harry considered the idea of moving on from the Army after a decade of tough service. He says,“ [45] most good things come to an end and I am at a point when a _______ must be made, this time in my military career”.
choice
choose
choise
choosing

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Harry had the support of most of his friends as he was considered an _______ soldier, loved by his men and he’s got so much he learnt in the military to give back.
credible
incredible
credibilize
credes

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But behind the scenes, officials were said to be concerned that without the structure and focus of the Army, Harry would lose his way. One _______ wrote, “The last thing Harry needs is another gap year… the time has come for him to confront his destiny.
comment
commentator
commented
commentation

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Nesprávne!

At his age, the time for _______ self-indulgence has gone.
youth
youthful
young
youthless

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Nesprávne!

It’s time for a proper career and some serious work to justify the privileged _______ he has enjoyed and the luxurious life he leads.”
bring up
upbringing
bringing
brought up

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The top nutritional therapist, Ian Marber, gives his advice on how to ensure you’re eating the right-sized portions. Research published in 2006 suggests that labelling food as “low fat” leads [51] individuals eating up to 25 percent more, as they feel it is safe to do so. In a similar way, Ian [52] heard clients ask why they aren’t losing weight when all the meals [53] eat are wholesome, home-cooked and healthy, when in fact it is because they are simply eating too much. But how much is too much? The assortment of food pyramids that many of us are familiar [54] from childhood aren’t that helpful in Ian’s opinion, as they tend to cover a whole day’s intake, [55] an individual meal. You may have read advice about having so many grams of this and not more than a certain amount of that, but what [56] that look like and how do we assess this when time is short? Ian finds it easiest to assess portion size by sight. For a main meal you should be looking at a piece of protein that is [57] more than the size of your tightly clenched fist. Now open up your hands and imagine the palm densely covered with vegetables, choosing those that [58] easily grown above the ground (in [59] words, green not starchy vegetables). The area represented by your fingers is where the carbs should easily fit but go easy on [60] . This should give you an idea of how your main meal should look.
Research published in 2006 suggests that labelling food as “low fat” leads _______ individuals eating up to 25 percent more, as they feel it is safe to do so.
to
for
the
why

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In a similar way, Ian _______ heard clients ask why they aren’t losing weight when all the meals [53] eat are wholesome, home-cooked and healthy, when in fact it is because they are simply eating too much.
has
had
have
is

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In a similar way, Ian [52] heard clients ask why they aren’t losing weight when all the meals _______ eat are wholesome, home-cooked and healthy, when in fact it is because they are simply eating too much.
they
she
he
their

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But how much is too much? The assortment of food pyramids that many of us are familiar _______ from childhood aren’t that helpful in Ian’s opinion, as they tend to cover a whole day’s intake, [55] an individual meal.
with
on
and
for

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But how much is too much? The assortment of food pyramids that many of us are familiar [54] from childhood aren’t that helpful in Ian’s opinion, as they tend to cover a whole day’s intake, _______ an individual meal.
not
from
are
is

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You may have read advice about having so many grams of this and not more than a certain amount of that, but what _______ that look like and how do we assess this when time is short? Ian finds it easiest to assess portion size by sight.
does
did
do
the

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Nesprávne!

For a main meal you should be looking at a piece of protein that is _______ more than the size of your tightly clenched fist.
not
are
for
from

Správne!

Nesprávne!

Now open up your hands and imagine the palm densely covered with vegetables, choosing those that _______ easily grown above the ground (in [59] words, green not starchy vegetables).
are
is
were
have

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Nesprávne!

Now open up your hands and imagine the palm densely covered with vegetables, choosing those that [58] easily grown above the ground (in _______ words, green not starchy vegetables).
other
others
eather
further

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Nesprávne!

The area represented by your fingers is where the carbs should easily fit but go easy on _______ . This should give you an idea of how your main meal should look.
these
him
they
theese

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Nesprávne!

If you’re looking for a place where your thirst for adventure and extreme types of sports can be satisfied, look no further than Chile, where contrasting terrains and climates combined with breathtaking natural wonders make it a veritable paradise for active tourists. [61] These range from paragliding, scuba diving, surfing, mountain climbing, kayaking and white-water rafting, skiing, horseback riding, and motorcycling to the “tamer” activities such as golf, fishing, bird watching, trekking or cruising and yachting. [62] Also consider the following safety information for some of the active pursuits you can do in Chile. The rivers in Patagonia are known worldwide for their excellent rapids and experts travel here to hold international competitions or practice. [63] This usually includes a neoprene suit, a double paddle, a lifesaver jacket and a helmet. Some tour operators may provide them or you may be able to rent them for a fee. Never go down a river alone or without at least a guide who knows the place. [64] Although it may be thrilling to ride though the countryside, it isn’t all obvious marked, paved roads. [65] Sign up for an organized motorcycle journey in advance so that you can be with a group and you don’t waste time figuring out directions. From the north in Antofagasta or Alto Molle to the south in Cucao, Pucon and San Ignacio, tourists can try their hand at paragliding, throwing themselves into the air and gliding over the amazing landscapes below. While you don’t need serious practical knowledge before doing this, it is wise to have the proper equipment and gear. [66] He should be able to give essential information about wind currents and where you can land safely. One of the most popular means of touring Chile, mountain biking, has caught on wildly around Chile and with good reason. With winding roads and spectacular views, this is one good way to enjoy nature at its best. Before picking a bike route, make sure to study the maps and information that are easily available in bicycle rental shops. When biking on main roads, stay alert for traffic. [67] If you’re considering a bike-and-trekking trip, check the weather before heading out – strong gales can make biking difficult.
[61]
The locals can prepare this as well.
Some travel guides say the mountains are not dangerous at all.
Booking a package tour is not advisable
Pay attention to the instructor before your flight.
Before booking a paddling journey, make sure that you have the right equipment.
Before you go and head out to the slopes or hit the waters, plan your trip carefully.
It is therefore easy to get lost, especially in the mountainous regions.
What is more, he can navigate through the tricky parts.
Here you can do all sorts of outdoor activities.
This is because Chileans are not known for giving road courtesy to cyclists

Správne!

Nesprávne!

[62]
The locals can prepare this as well.
Some travel guides say the mountains are not dangerous at all.
Booking a package tour is not advisable
Pay attention to the instructor before your flight.
Before booking a paddling journey, make sure that you have the right equipment.
Before you go and head out to the slopes or hit the waters, plan your trip carefully.
It is therefore easy to get lost, especially in the mountainous regions.
What is more, he can navigate through the tricky parts.
Here you can do all sorts of outdoor activities.
This is because Chileans are not known for giving road courtesy to cyclists

Správne!

Nesprávne!

[63]
The locals can prepare this as well.
Some travel guides say the mountains are not dangerous at all.
Booking a package tour is not advisable
Pay attention to the instructor before your flight.
Before booking a paddling journey, make sure that you have the right equipment.
Before you go and head out to the slopes or hit the waters, plan your trip carefully.
It is therefore easy to get lost, especially in the mountainous regions.
What is more, he can navigate through the tricky parts.
Here you can do all sorts of outdoor activities.
This is because Chileans are not known for giving road courtesy to cyclists

Správne!

Nesprávne!

[64]
The locals can prepare this as well.
Some travel guides say the mountains are not dangerous at all.
Booking a package tour is not advisable
Pay attention to the instructor before your flight.
Before booking a paddling journey, make sure that you have the right equipment.
Before you go and head out to the slopes or hit the waters, plan your trip carefully.
It is therefore easy to get lost, especially in the mountainous regions.
What is more, he can navigate through the tricky parts.
Here you can do all sorts of outdoor activities.
This is because Chileans are not known for giving road courtesy to cyclists

Správne!

Nesprávne!

[65]
The locals can prepare this as well.
Some travel guides say the mountains are not dangerous at all.
Booking a package tour is not advisable
Pay attention to the instructor before your flight.
Before booking a paddling journey, make sure that you have the right equipment.
Before you go and head out to the slopes or hit the waters, plan your trip carefully.
It is therefore easy to get lost, especially in the mountainous regions.
What is more, he can navigate through the tricky parts.
Here you can do all sorts of outdoor activities.
This is because Chileans are not known for giving road courtesy to cyclists

Správne!

Nesprávne!

[66]
The locals can prepare this as well.
Some travel guides say the mountains are not dangerous at all.
Booking a package tour is not advisable
Pay attention to the instructor before your flight.
Before booking a paddling journey, make sure that you have the right equipment.
Before you go and head out to the slopes or hit the waters, plan your trip carefully.
It is therefore easy to get lost, especially in the mountainous regions.
What is more, he can navigate through the tricky parts.
Here you can do all sorts of outdoor activities.
This is because Chileans are not known for giving road courtesy to cyclists

Správne!

Nesprávne!

[67]
The locals can prepare this as well.
Some travel guides say the mountains are not dangerous at all.
Booking a package tour is not advisable
Pay attention to the instructor before your flight.
Before booking a paddling journey, make sure that you have the right equipment.
Before you go and head out to the slopes or hit the waters, plan your trip carefully.
It is therefore easy to get lost, especially in the mountainous regions.
What is more, he can navigate through the tricky parts.
Here you can do all sorts of outdoor activities.
This is because Chileans are not known for giving road courtesy to cyclists

Správne!

Nesprávne!

Matthew Henson met Robert Edwin Peary in Washington D.C. in 1887. Peary had heard about Henson’s seafaring experience, and hired him to help with an upcoming expedition to Nicaragua. After returning from Nicaragua, Henson worked in Philadelphia for some time, but shortly thereafter Henson joined Peary again for an expedition to Greenland. While there, Henson learned the Inuit language and the natives’ Arctic survival skills. Their next trip to Greenland came in 1893, this time with the goal of charting the entire ice cap. The two-year journey almost ended in tragedy, with Peary’s team on the brink of starvation; members of the team managed to survive by eating all but one of their sled dogs. Despite this perilous trip, the explorers returned to Greenland in 1896 and 1897 to collect three large meteorites they had found during their earlier quests. The meteorites were sold to the American Museum of Natural History and the money was used to help fund their future expeditions. The Peary Arctic Club was also formed to raise more money. Over the next several years, Peary and Henson would make multiple attempts to reach the North Pole. Their 1902 attempt proved tragic, with six Inuit team members perishing due to a lack of food and supplies. They were blocked from progress north across the icepack by melting ice. However, they made more progress during their 1905 trip. Backed by President Theodore Roosevelt and armed with a vessel that had the ability to cut through ice, the team was able to sail within 175 miles of the North Pole. Melted ice blocking the sea path hindered the mission’s completion, forcing them to turn back. Around this time, Henson fathered a son, Anauakaq, with an Inuit woman, but back at home in 1906 he married Lucy Ross. The team’s final attempt to reach the North Pole began in 1908. Henson proved an invaluable team member, building sledges and training others in their handling. Of Henson, expedition member Donald Macmillan once noted, ”With years of experience equal to that of Peary himself, he was indispensable.”
Peary and Henson finally reached the North Pole while supported by a U.S. President.
true
false

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Henson taught his teammates how to deal with sledges.
true
false

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Nesprávne!

The only money for their expeditions to the North Pole came from one source.
true
false

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Nesprávne!

On their second trip to Greenland they collected some meteorites.
true
false

Správne!

Nesprávne!

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Zdroj: Ministerstvo školstva SR

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